Cellulite is the changes in skin texture that result in an “orange peel” appearance to the skin. Cellulite is much more common in women than men. Studies show 85-98% of women have some cellulite. Men and women organize their fat differently. In men, the connective tissue fibers that organize and support fat run primarily parallel to the skin. This means that men have minimal pulling down of the skin by fat deposits and therefore smoother skin. Unfortunately for women, their fat is organized perpendicular to the skin. This results in a pulling down of the skin by the connective tissue support structure and an uneven surface.
Cellulite is a normal process in women. Only in the last few years have any studies been done to identify the cause of cellulite. Effective treatments are an even more recent development. Cellulite forms in the superficial fat layer. All fat is not cellulite, only the part present in the superficial layer. The superficial layer is the last area to be affected by weight loss.
Therefore, exercise and weight loss do not eliminate cellulite. Even women who exercise regularly and follow low-fat, nutritious diets may still have cellulite. This makes weight management and cellulite treatment completely different issues.
The first cause of cellulite is a hardening of the connective tissue support system of fat. These are referred to as connective tissue (fibrous) septae. These are made of collagen. Over time, these septae harden and contract. The contraction results in most of the dimpled appearance that characterizes cellulite. Additionally, the contraction leads to a blockage of the blood vessels and lymphatics. The blood vessel blockage further hardens the septae. The lymphatic blockage leads to thick, swollen appearing skin.
The second major cause of cellulite is protrusion of fat cells into the lower part of the skin known as the “reticular dermis”. This protrusion results in worsening of the dimpling.
Cryo T-Shock treatment for cellulite addresses both of these issues – cold and warm temperatures are transmitted to the subcutaneous tissue and promote lipolysis, increase microcirculation and improve local blood flow to the areas being treated enabling lymphatic drainage and stimulating the production of new collagen which helps to break down cellulite. The micro massage of the treatment also reduces fibrotic tissue.