The different functions and processes which take place in the body are caused by chemical reactions occurring between hormones and receptors. These are carried through the body through the blood stream. The areas of the body which have a lot of adipose tissue (fat) tend to have a poor blood supply. This means the blood borne hormones which trigger lipolysis – the breakdown of fat – are unable to reach the fat cells and therefore the fat cannot be broken down. CRYO T-SHOCK stimulation cools the surface of the skin very rapidly. The body reacts to this extreme cold by turning up its metabolic rate to produce heat. The blood vessels in the area expand, leading to an increase in blood flow, allowing the hormones in the blood to reach the fat cells and break down the fat.
The temperatures that are delivered by a Cryo T-Shock treatment induce lipolysis – the breaking down of fat cells – to reduce body fat without damage to surrounding tissues. Subcutaneous fat cells are naturally more vulnerable to the effects of cold than other surrounding tissue. Exposure to cooling causes fat cell apoptosis – a natural, controlled cell death, which leads to the release of cytokines and other inflammatory mediators that gradually eliminate the affected cells. Inflammatory cells gradually digest the affected fat cells in the months after the treatment, reducing the thickness of the fat layer. Lipids from the fat cells are slowly released and transported by the lymphatic system to be processed and eliminated.
The controlled thermal shock delivered by the CRYO T-SHOCK is fundamentally different from other non- or minimally invasive modalities. Other methods of fat removal primarily involve necrotic cell death by damaging fat with heat, high-intensity focused ultrasound, radio frequency, gases or chemical injections. Each of these approach poses potential technical challenges, particularly with respect to targeting the right tissue depth and unintended damage to other structures close to or within the fat layer.